The Journey of Chinese classical culture

 

Airplane for exampleCA721/1305-1940

 

DAY 01Budapest-beijing,Deliver the hotel after the airport.

 

DAY 02Beijing

Scenic spotTiananmen Square,Forbidden City,Temple of Heaven,Summer Palace ,

Bird’s Nest

 

Tiananmen Square

The Tiananmen Square is located at the central axis of Beijing City. You can appreciate outstanding buildings during the 30-40 minutes’ visit there. In the center of the square stand the Monument to People’s Heroes with reliefs telling vital events during the modern China history (1840 – 1949), and the Chairman Mao Memorial Hall where the remains of this great leader is preserved. The Tiananmen Tower is at its northern end and it used to be the front door of the imperial city during the Ming and Qing dynasties. You can also find Zhengyang Gate and Qianmen Arrow Tower, both with a history of around 600 years, in the south of the square.

 

Forbidden City

The Forbidden City is the largest and the best-preserved wooden palace complex in the world. 24 emperors during the Ming and Qing dynasties had lived there. The palace consists of the Outer Court and the Inner Court. The Outer Court was for emperors to handle national affairs while the Inner Court served as the living place for the imperial family. The past time has left the palace with over 70 imposing palaces and more than 9,000 rooms, as well as millions of rare historical items including paintings, calligraphy works, ceramics, bronze wares, and clocks. Our private guide will tell you vivid background stories to let you have a deeper impression.

 

Temple of Heaven

The Temple of Heaven Park is located in the Chongwen District, Beijing. Originally, this was the place where emperors of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644) and Qing Dynasty (1644 – 1911) held the Heaven Worship Ceremony. It is the largest and most representative existing masterpiece among China’s ancient sacrificial buildings. First built in 1420, the 18th year of the reign of Emperor Yongle of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), Temple of Heaven was enlarged and rebuilt during the reigns of the Ming emperor Jiajing and the Qing emperor Qianlong. In 1988, it was opened to the public as a park, showing ancient philosophy, history and religion. Its grand architectural style and profound cultural connotation give an insight into the practices of the ancient Eastern civilization.

 

Summer Palace 

Situated in the Haidian District northwest of Beijing, Summer Palace is 15 kilometers (9 miles) from the downtown area. Being the largest and most well-preserved royal park in China, it greatly influences Chinese horticulture and landscape with its famous natural views and cultural interests, which also has long been recognized as ‘The Museum of Royal Gardens’.

 

Bird’s Nest     

Affectionately known as Bird’s Nest, the National Stadium is situated in Olympic Green Village, Chaoyang District of Beijing City. It was designed as the main stadium of 2008 Beijing Olympic Games. The Olympic events of track and field, football, gavelock, weight throw and discus were held there. Since October 2008, after the Olympics ended, it has been opened as a tourist attraction. Now, it’s the center of international or domestic sports competition and recreation activities. In 2022, the opening and closing ceremonies of another important sport event, Winter Olympic Games will be held here.

The design of this large stadium was accomplished together by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron and Chinese architect Li Xinggang and the others. The designers didn’t do any redundant disposals to the look of the stadium. They just exposed the steel structures entirely and let them become the most natural appearance. The form of the stadium looks like a big nest which embraces and nurses human beings. Also it looks rather like a cradle bearing human beings’ hope of the future.

 

DAY 03Beijing  

Scenic spot:The Great Wall Juyongguan,Tricycle Hutong Tour,Houhai bar street,Shichahai

 

The Great Wall

Beijing is the best destination to admire the Great Wall of China. Most famous Great Wall sections are located in its suburban areas, including the well-preserved Badaling and Mutianyu, the renovated Juyonguan, Jinshanling and Simatai, and wild Jiankou and Gubeikou. They are all not far from downtown Beijing, 1-2 hours’ driving away.

The Great Wall in Beijing totals 573 kilometers (356 miles). Those from Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), the last dynasty engaged in Great Wall construction, amount to 526 kilometers (327 miles). They are distributed in Pinggu, Miyun, Huairou, Yanqing, Changping, and Mentougou.

 

Beijing Hutong

In the past, Beijing was composed of hundreds of courtyards around the Forbidden City, and these lanes stretched out in all four directions, connecting the different kinds of courtyards in the city. Although originally formed in the Yuan Dynasty, the building of the these developed fast during the Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368 – 1911). In the Yuan Dynasty, there were about 29 Hutongs, while in the Ming Dynasty, this number increased to 1,070. In the Qing Dynasty, it grew to 2,076. It is said that by 1949 there were as many as 3,250. But with the passage of time, and the requirement for city construction, the number of them has fallen dramatically. In 2003, only 1,500 were left, and now no more than 1,000 remain. Thus, protecting them is an urgent problem for modern people.

 

Shichahai

Shichahai is a famous scenic area in the northwest part of Beijing, which includes three lakes (Qianhai, meaning Front Sea; Houhai, meaning Back Sea and Xihai, meaning West Sea), surrounding places of historic interest and scenic beauty, and remnants of old-style local residences, Hutong and Courtyard.

Its history can be traced to as far back as the Jin Dynasty (1115 – 1234). During the Yuan Dynasty (1271 – 1368), Shichahai was the terminal point of the Great Canal, which was a main reason for its prosperity. In the period of the Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), when the channels ceased to be as smooth as they used to be, it changed from a bustling hub to a place of leisure where people could stroll around to admire the vast scenery or enjoy the cool shade under willow trees.

DAY 04Beijing-CA1119/0705-0805-Datong-4H PingyaoThis day may be a little harder

Scenic spot:Yungang Grottoes,Hanging Temple

 

Yungang Grottoes

Yungang Grottoes, one of the three major cave clusters in China, punctuate the north cliff of Wuzhou Mountain, Datong. The area was excavated along the mountain, extending 1 km (0.62 miles) from east to west, revealing 53 caves and over 51,000 stone statues.

The grottoes are divided into east, middle, and west parts. Pagodas dominate the eastern parts; west caves are small and mid-sized with niches. Caves in the middle are made up of front and back chambers with Buddha statues in the center. Embossing covers walls and ceilings.

Started in 450, the grottoes is a relic of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534). Absorbing Indian Gandhara Buddhist art, the sculptures here developed traditional Chinese art melded with social features of the time.

 

Hanging Monastery (Xuankong Si)

Hanging Monastery stands at the foot of Mt. Hengshan, 5 kilometers (3 miles) south of Hunyuan County, and 65 kilometers (40 miles) from downtown Datong City. Since it hangs on the west cliff of Jinxia Gorge more than 50 meters above the ground, it is called Hanging Monastery.

 

DAY 05, Pingyao

Scenic spot:Pingyao County,(Pingyao City Wall, Ancient Government Office,Ancient Ming-Qing Street, Rishengchang Exchange Shop,Lear types of facial make-up in opera学画脸谱

 

Pingyao County

Pingyao County is 58.4 miles (94 km) southwest of Taiyuan. It comprises of five towns and nine villages, an area of 486.5 square miles (1,260 sq km) within its jurisdiction. This small county was noted for some magnificent residences in ancient traditional styles rather than any appeal in natural beauty.

 

Ancient Government Office

Located to the southwest of Pingyao Ancient City center on Yamen Street, Ancient Government Office is the largest and best-preserved existing ancient county government office in China. With a length of 203 meters (222 yards) and a width of 131 meters (143 yards), it covers approximately 26,000 square meters (31,095 square yards). One can learn of the bureaucratic culture of Ming and Qing dynasties (1368-1912) from its architecture, plaques, and couplets.

 

Ancient Ming-Qing Street

Situated on South Avenue of the Pingyao Ancient City, the Ancient Ming-Qing Street was the noisiest centre of business at that time. The street is not very wide, with various kinds of shops orderly arranged along the road. These shops were all built with bricks and stones completely in the style of Ming and Qing architecture, which are all the prototypes of the aged buildings and quite different from the imitation works now. In the granite thresholds of each decent house, two lines of deep traits left by the running-over carriages can still be found, which provides evidence of the former bustle of business and also the pride held for them in the old days.

 

Rishengchang Exchange Shop

The Rishengchang Exchange Shop (Rishengchang literally meaning sunrise prosperity), one of the earliest exchange shops in China, is located on West Street in Pingyao Ancient City, Shanxi Province. The rectangular compound faces north and is 65 meters (71 yards) long and 20 meters (22 yards) wide. In total it occupies over 1,300 square meters (approximately a third of an acre). It was established in 1823 during the Qing Dynasty (1644–1911). At that time it had over 35 branches in China’s major cities. In December 1995, Shanxi Provincial Government listed it as a Provincial Key Cultural Relic under the Reservation and it is now the Chinese Exchange Shop Museum.

 

DAY 06, PingyaoD25651543-1828 – Xi’an, north of Xi’an

Scenic spotFree activity in the ancient city,Bell Tower square in Xi’an,Muslim Quarter,Shadow play of the Grand Courtyard

 

Bell Tower

The Bell Tower, is a stately traditional building, that marks the geographical center of the ancient capital. From this important landmark extend East, South, West and North Streets, connecting the tower to the East, South, West and North Gates of the City Wall of the Ming Dynasty.

 

Muslim Quarter

Muslim food and souvenir market is the feature of the area. The Beiyuanmen Muslim Market located just to the north of the Drum Tower is a great choice after the sightseeing in the city center. About 500 meters (about 547 yards) in length from south to north, the street can be reached through the archway under the Drum Tower. This street is paved with dark colored stone with green trees providing heavy shade during summer; the buildings on both sides of the street are modeled on the styles of both the Ming (1368-1644) and the Qing Dynasties (1644-1911). Some of the constructions are restaurants; while others are stores. But here there is one thing in common: the owners are all Muslims.

 

DAY 07, -2H Lintong, Lintong, Xi’an, -2H Huashan

Scenic spot:Ancient city wall + bicycle riding,Yongxing Fang gourmet street,Terracotta Army + battery car

 

Terracotta Army

The Terracotta Army in Xian, aka Terracotta Warriors and Horses, is a super large collection of life-size terra cotta sculptures in battle formations, reproducing the mega imperial guard troops of Emperor Qin Shi Huang (259 – 210BC), the first emperor of the first unified dynasty of Imperial China.

Being the most significant archeological excavations of the 20th century and a UNESCO World Heritage Site, the Terracotta Army is no doubt a must-see for every visitor to Xian.

 

DAY 08, Huashan -2H Lingbao -1H Sanmenxia

Scenic spot:Mt. Huashan+ cableway北峰往返索道+进山车 ,strategic Qin-dynasty pass in Henan

 

Mt. Huashan

Situated in Huayin City, Mt. Huashan is 120 kilometers (75 miles) from Xian. It is famous for natural vista of steep and narrow paths, precipitous crags and a high mountain range. Its five peaks are the representative attractions and each has its distinctive charms: East Peak is the best place to enjoy the sunrise; South Peak has the highest altitude; West Peak is the most elegant; North Peak is famous as the Cloud Terrace Peak and Middle Peak is also called Jade Lady Peak.

 

DAY 09, Luoyang, Sanmenxia, -2.5H

Scenic spot:陕州地坑窑院The caves where people live in,Luoyang Longmen Grottoes + battery car,Li Jing Ming Street door + + printing experience

 

Longmen Grottoes

The Longmen Grottoes are located in the south of Luoyang City. They are between Mount Xiang and Mount Longmen and face Yi River. Longmen Grottoes, Yungang Caves and Mogao Caves are regarded as the three most famous treasure houses of stone inscriptions in China.

The grottoes were started around the year 493 when Emperor Xiaowen of the Northern Wei Dynasty (386-534) moved the capital to Luoyang and were continuously built during the 400 years until the Northern Song Dynasty (960-1127). The scenery measures 1,000 metres (about 1,094 yards) from north to south where there are over 2,300 holes and niches, 2,800 steles, 40 dagobas, 1,300 caves and 100,000 statues. Most of them are the works of the Northern Wei Dynasty and the flourishing age of the Tang Dynasty (618-907). Lots of historical materials concerning art, music, religion, calligraphy, medicine, costume and architecture are kept here.

 

 

DAY 10luoyang-dengfeng

sight spotWhite Horse Temple, Shaolin monks bring guests to visit Shaolin Temple + Tallinn + car battery, learning Shaolin boxing,Watch the Shaolin Zen Music A area after dinner

 

White Horse Temple

which is located about seven miles away from the city of Louyang, boasts great antique architecture which has remained intact for over 1,900 years.

In the year 64 of the Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220), Emperor Ming sent a delegation of his men to study Buddhism in the western world. After three years, two eminent Indian monks, She Moteng and Zhu Falan, came back with the delegation. They brought with them a white horse carrying Buddhist sutras and Buddhist figures on its back. This was the first time that Buddhism appeared in China.

To express his thanks to the two monks and their white horse, the emperor ordered the building of a monastery which he named the White Horse Temple during the following year. During this time, the two monks were busy translating sutras in the temple until they completed the Chinese sutra ‘Forty-two Chapter Sutra’, which attracted many monks and meant that the temple became a centre for Buddhist activity in China. It is for this reason that the temple is honored as the ‘Founder’s Home’ and the ‘Cradle of Buddhism in China’.

 

Shaolin Temple

Shaolin Temple, in the region of Song Mountain, Dengfeng City, Henan Province, is reputed to be ‘the Number One Temple under Heaven’. Included on UNESCO’s World Cultural & Natural Heritage List in 2010, it is the cradle of the Chinese Zen Buddhism and the Shaolin Martial Arts such as Shaolin Cudgel. One can see wild flowers and pines on the mountain. With birds singing and a brook spattering, a beautiful scene full of life and vitality is revealed to the visitors.

Shaolin Temple embraces many exciting attractions, such as the Hall of Heavenly Kings (Tianwangdian), the Mahavira Hall (Daxiongbaodian), the Pagoda Forest, the Dharma Cave and the Martial Art Training Center.

 

 

DAY 11 Dengfeng-Zhengzhou

sight spotHenan Provincial Museum; The Yellow River tour area+HovercraftRuyi Lake in the new area of Zheng Dong;

The Yellow River tour area

The Yellow River Scenic Area is situated northwest of Zhengzhou City, in Henan Province. The scenic area is surprisingly beautiful. As seen from a high point in this scenic area, the mighty Yellow River rushes by and demonstrates tremendous force with rolling and falling of the river’s torrents. Sometimes in its thousands of miles, the river reaches wide endless plains where currents flow smoothly, and sometimes it meets precipitous mountains where it has to zigzag its way.

 

 

DAY 12Zhengzhou-G370/0734-1200-Shanghai-Suzhou

sight spot Nanjing RoadThe Bund; Chenghuang Temple;Oriental Pearl TV Tower

 

Nanjing Road

China’s premier shopping street, the 5.5-km-long (3.4-mile-long) Nanjing Road, starts at the Bund in the east and ends in the west at the junction of Jing’an Temple and West Yan’an Street. Today it is a must-see metropolitan destination attracting thousands of fashion-seeking shoppers from all over the world.

 

Chenghuang Temple

Built in Yongle Reign of Ming Dynasty (1368 – 1644), the Old City God Temple of Shanghai, commonly known as Chenghuangmiao by locals, is located at Middle Fangbang Road, and adjoins Yuyuan Garden in the south. With the commercial development, and the surrounding trade region expanding, the numbers of shopping centers and snack streets are increasing rapidly. As a result, today’s Old City God Temple usually refers to an area stretching from Anren Street in the east, to Fuyou Road in the north and Old Xiaochang Road westward. Yuyuan Garden, Old Street and Chenxiang Pavilion all belong to this zone.

 

The Bund

The Bund, also called Zhongshan Dong Yi Lu (East Zhongshan 1st Road), is a famous waterfront and regarded as the symbol of Shanghai for hundreds of years. It is on the west bank of Huangpu River from the Waibaidu Bridge to Nanpu Bridge and winds 1500 meters (0.93 mile) in length. The most famous and attractive sight which is at the west side of the Bund are the 26 various buildings of different architectural styles including Gothic, Baroque, Romanesque, Classicism and the Renaissance. The 1,700-meters (1,859 yards) long flood-control wall, known as ‘the lovers’ wall’, located on the side of Huangpu River from Huangpu Park to Xinkai River and once was the most romantic corner in Shanghai in the last century. After renovation, the monotone concrete buildings that lovers leaned against in the past have been improved into hollowed-out railings full of romantic atmosphere. Standing by the railings, visitors can have a ‘snap-shot’ view of the scenery of Pudong Area and Huangpu River.

 

Oriental Pearl TV Tower

The Oriental Pearl TV Tower is located in Pudong Park in Lujiazui, Shanghai. Surrounded by the Yangpu Bridge in the northeast and the Nanpu Bridge in the southwest, it creates a picture of ‘twin dragons playing with pearls’. The entire scene is a photographic jewel that excites the imagination and attracts thousands of visitors year-round.

 

 

DAY 13Suzhou

sight spotHumble Administrator’s Garden;Suzhou Museum;Hanshan Temple ;Mudu Ancient Town;Shantang Street +sightseeing on the boat船游七里山塘+suzhou pingtan+Yuhan Hall

 

Humble Administrator’s Garden

The beautiful waterside City of Suzhou in Jiangsu Province in South China is most famous for its elegant classical gardens. Among these, the Humble Administrator’s Garden, covering about 52,000 sq. meters (12.85 acres), is the largest and most renowned. Due to its unique designs and ethereal beauty, the garden has garnered many special honors. It is listed as a World Cultural Heritage site and has also been designated as one of the Cultural Relics of National Importance under the Protection of the State as well as a Special Tourist Attraction of China. Along with the Summer Palace in Beijing, the Mountain Resort of Chengde in Hebei Province and the Lingering Gardenin Suzhou, it is considered as one of China’s four most famous gardens. No other classic garden in the country has been honored more than this one.

 

Suzhou Museum

Suzhou Museum is located at No. 204 Dongbei Street in Gusu District, ancient city of Suzhou, Jiangsu Province. It is adjacent to the Humble Administrator’s Garden. The museum was first founded in 1960 on the site of Prince Zhong’s Mansion. The new exhibition building was designed by the world-famous Chinese-American architect named I. M. Pei and opened to visitors in October 2006. This museum has abundant porcelains, relics of the revolution, most notably celadon, handicraft works, calligraphies and paintings of Ming and Qing Dynasties (1368-1911) which fully embody the history, art, and culture of Suzhou and Yangtze River Delta.

 

Hanshan Temple

Have you ever heard of the poem A Night Mooring Near Maple Bridge written by Zhang Ji, a poet of the Tang Dynasty (618-907)? In this poem, Zhang described the midnight bell rings of the Hanshan Temple. Since then, the temple has become famous, especially for its bell rings and Buddhism culture.

Hanshan Temple is situated three miles (about five kilometers) from Fengqiao Old Town in Suzhou ( Video of Maple Bridge/ Fengqiao). It is said that in the Tang Dynasty, a famous monk Han Shan came to take charge of the temple, hence its name. The temple was originally constructed during the Liang Dynasty (502-557) and was repaired several times in the following dynasties. Now, covering an area of about three acres (about 10,600 square meters), it presents the architectural style of the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). It includes the Grand Prayer Hall, Sutra-Collection Building, Bell Tower, Fengjiang Pavilion and Tablets Corridor, etc. In 1995, a five-storey Buddhism pagoda as high as 138 feet (about 42 meters) was erected called Puming Pagoda, which then became the symbolic building of the temple. There are many more historical relics in the temple, such as the statue of Han Shan, the stone tablet inscription of the poem A Night Mooring Near Maple Bridge and some other tablet inscriptions written by famous intellectuals of ancient China.

 

Mudu Ancient Town

The name ‘Mudu’ is derived from a story about Xishi, one of the Top Four Beauties in Chinese history. It is said in the Spring and Autumn Period (773BC-476BC), Fuchai, the king of Wu State, obliged workers to build Guanwa Palace (Palace Housing Beautiful Women) in order to please the Beauty Xishi. Then, considerable wood was carried here so that the river in this area was blocked. This was called ‘Ji Mu Se Du’ (which means the accumulated wood blocks the river). So, the town was named ‘Mu Du’. Early in the Three Kingdom Period (220-280), it had been a crucial town in China both economically and militarily. During the following Song (960-1279), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) periods, it still held an important position in Chinese culture and commerce. In the past thousands of years, Mudu has produced many outstanding scholars and wealthy businessmen. Some of their former residences have now become popular sights.

 

Shantang Street

Shantang Street, an ancient riverside pedestrian road in northwest Suzhou, Jiangsu, is very popular with tourists. From Changmen Gate (the west gate of the ancient city) in the downtown, it winds northwest on the northern bank of the Shantang River, and ends at scenic Tiger Hill. It extends about 2.2 miles (seven li), hence the name ‘Seven-Li Shantang’.

 

 

DAY 14Suzhou-G138/1355-1933-Beijing

sight spot: huqiu;Guanqian Street

 

Huqiu

A famous Song Dynasty (960-1279) poet, Su Shi said, ‘It is a lifelong pity if having visited Suzhou you did not visit Tiger Hill.’ This epitomises the general opinion of those who have seen this local beauty spot with its many attractions that we shall endeavour to describe for you.

Tiger Hill, known also as Surging Sea Hill, is a large hillock covering about 3.5 acres (14,100 square metres) and only 118 feet (36 metres) in height. Climbing it, you will find a number of historical sites some of which can be traced back over 2,500 years to the founding of Suzhou. Although the hill is relatively small it has rich history. These are just some of the highlights of what to be found there.

 

Guanqian Street

Guanqian Street was formed about 150 years ago in Qing Dynasty (1644-1919). Its name means “before the temple”, because it was in front of the Xuanmiao Taoist Temple and it is a pedestrian street. It has always been the entertainment center of Suzhou. Along the street, one can find many time-honored shops as well as shopping malls, restaurants, theaters and hotels and also taste many famous and delicious local snacks there.

 

 

DAY 15Beijing-Budapest

 

The above itinerary is quoted as follows:

 

15+1 5-12 months quote RMB 8960 yuan / person single room difference RMB 1020

 

Remarks:

 

  1. The offer contains 26 meals and more flavors, 50-80 yuan per meal / person / meal

2, Pingyao – Xi’an north, include Zhengzhou – Shanghai, Suzhou – Beijing, three seat Taka Tetsuji

  1. The offer contains all the above scenic spots
  2. The quotation includes 33 vehicles used in the Beijing section.

The quotation includes 33 passenger cars in the Shanxi section

The quotation includes 33 passenger cars in Xi’an + Henan section

The offer includes 33 cars in Shanghai and Suzhou.

All prices are in 15+1 team accounting, insufficient number need to pay the fare

  1. The offer contains 14 nights of accommodation in the above itinerary

6, 1 bottles of mineral water / man / day

 

7, the quotation does not contain Beijing to Datong plane tickets, the total amount of RMB 680+50 yuan / person, the ticket price discount according to the actual settlement.

  1. The quotation does not contain an international ticket

9, the offer does not include a tour tip RMB 500 yuan / day / regiment

 

  1. The above quotation is a regular date quotation. If a holiday (51, eleven, etc.) or the adjustment of the state policy, the price should be accounted for separately.

11, in the Shanxi section, if the May Day (4.29 – 5.1) Dragon Boat Festival (6.16 – 18 -) Pingyao International Photography Festival (9.19 24) National Day (9.30 10.7), we need to make up the price difference of RMB 80 yuan / person. 11.1 – 3.31 day hotel during a free upgrade to Hong Shanyi folk inn.